What actual evidence did the sponsors of HB 2001 rely upon?
When I challenged Julie Fahey, who was a sponsor of HB 2001, she sent me a list of “background reading” and indicated that “after much research, I came to the position that ending exclusionary zoning is an important long-term component of addressing the housing crisis we face in this state.”
I’ve provide her list, with her comments, verbatim, below. Following each item is a link to my brief review and critique of each of the items.
#1 Governing Magazine published a 4-part series earlier this year about segregation in Illinois cities – two of the articles specifically address the role that local governments and local zoning regulations (particularly exclusive single family zoning) play in keeping neighborhoods economically and racially segregated:
- Houses Divided: How States and Cities Reinforce Segregation in America: The black-white divide is still a major problem. Government policies are partially to blame.
- Broken Homes: How Housing Policies Keep White Neighborhoods So White (and Black Neighborhoods So Black): Decades of local zoning regulations and land use policies have kept racial segregation firmly rooted in place.
#2 Academic study: “Do Strict Land Use Regulations Make Metropolitan Areas More Segregated by Income?” (summarized in this CityLab article).
#3 Academic work: The work of Raj Chetty, who [sic] I saw speak last year, on opportunity neighborhoods.
#4 The New York Times opinion piece: Minneapolis, Tackling Housing Crisis and Inequity, Votes to End Single-Family Zoning.
#5 The Washington Post Article: As cities rethink single-family zoning, traditional ideas of the American Dream are challenged.
#6 Article: Inflammatory title, but an interesting analysis of the dynamics of how some of these issues play out at the local level: Progressive Boomers Are Making It Impossible For Cities To Fix The Housing Crisis.
#7 Article: Similarly inflammatory title from The Nation: Liberal America’s Single-Family Hypocrisy.